PSYCHEDELIC ART

Psychedelic Art generally refers to art that has been influenced by hallucinogenic drugs. However, it may also refer to the art of the 1960s counter-culture movement. Some people relate art that is a visual depiction of kaleidoscopic-like patterns to the Psychedelic Art movement. The movement was closely linked to the psychedelic music of the 1960s as well and was evident in both concert posters and record album covers.

The discovery of LSD and its subsequent popularity as an agent that produces altered states of consciousness was at the core of the Psychedelic Art movement; however, other drugs were also used as a means of inducing certain types of artistic expressions.

Rick Griffin – Original Book Cover Psychedelic Artwork

Various poster artists of San Francisco were responsible for launching the Psychedelic Art movement during the 1960s such as Rick Griffon, Wes Wilson, and Victor Moscoso.

Victor Moscoso Zap #4 cover

Rick Griffin – Original Book Cover Psychedelic Artwork

The psychedelic style peaked between 1966 and 1972. Many works, especially evident in concert and event posters, depicted a strong colour palette—usually of contrasting colours—along with ornate lettering, and kaleidoscopic swirls. The art of this period also reflected Art Nouveau and Victorian influences.

Max the commercial artist had arrived

Annunciation by Mati Klarwein

As the movement progressed, many other artists became associated with the artistic style of Psychedelic Art. Some of these artists included Peter Max, Mati Klarwein, Pablo Amaringo, Roger Dean, and Robert Williams.

Unai Shipash by Pablo Amaringo

Yes Keys Arches Blue by Roger Dean

Oscar Wilde in Leadville – by Robert Williams

Even the artist Salvador Dali became associated with the Psychedelic Art style. Psychedelic Art usually featured other elements, as well, that became major components of the style. Spirals could often be found in Psychedelic works as well as concentric circles and a repetition of motifs or symbols.

<

Metamorphosis of Narcissus by Dali

Collage is important to the Psychedelic style and many works could also be included in the collage genre. Surrealist subject matter was another major component of the style. Certain exotic motifs like paisley were also at the heart of many Psychedelic works.

Collage on paper – 2010 – by Larry Carlson

The Psychedelic movement had a strong influence on comic book artists who created an underground genre of comic book art known as “underground comix.” Robert Crumb was one of its chief proponents.

Crumb’s comics were filled with gratuitous sex, drugs, and violence and they sold well

Comic books influenced by the Psychedelic movement were often satirical in nature and exhibited many artistic traits of other Psychedelic works. Many Psychedelic works are famous for their visually captivating styles, but the movement also generated considerable controversy for its links to illicit substances.

The iconic Woodstock poster

Posters for music festivals like Woodstock are typical examples of Psychedelic Art posters. Bands like The Who and the Jimi Hendrix Experience also featured Psychedelic Art on some of their album covers.

The Who – Endless Wire album cover

Bold As Love – Jimi Hendrix Experience -album cover

PAMELA DASGUPTA

Pamela Dasgupta is an extremely talented and talented as well as versatile artist from the North East of India. Her home is Agartala in Tripura – from where she completed her Bachelor’s in Fine Arts.
Currently, she is pursuing higher studies in art at Rabindra Bharati University in Calcutta.
We are happy to showcase some of her prodigious talent seen through the works of this young artist. We believe she would go a very long way!

Pamela admits to being to being a very shy person, who cannot always express her feelings in words. She takes to art to formulate her reactions to the world around her. Her artwork is the language of her emotions.
Her points of reference are always nature and natural elements. She feels at home with nature, and finds much to draw upon from the bounty that is eternal.


EVENT IN GOA

Life In Art

DATE
24th Jan – 23rd Feb
TIME
10:00am – 06:00pm
ADDRESS
Achies Art Gallery, Guirdolim, Chandor, Cansaulim, South, Goa

‘Life’ – a subject chosen to represent any living form, feeling or the curious mind. Works include installations and paintings. Mohan Naik’s bold works of oil with shepherds, farmers, goats and farms; Aadhi Vishal’s modern intrinsic works in acrylics, Katharina Poggendorf Kakar’s ‘Shrine of 7 mothers’ of fibreglass, copper, burned clay, cotton shawls, iron frame; Hitesh Pankar’s contemporary reminiscing works in acrylics; Harshada Kerkar’s dry pastels paintings in warm colours, Ramona Galardi’s calligraphic creations, etc. are some of the works of the show.

EVENTS IN DELHI
Art Alert: MesoDomain
The exhibition opens January 19th and is on till February 27th
Where: Nature Morte, Neeti Bagh
Timings: 10 am to 6 pm (Sundays closed)

Art without borders.

Art, as we should know it, has mind-expanding qualities. It makes one think, rethink, and question existing beliefs. And while we understand it’s not the most accessible medium, its purpose is not to scare but to inspire. So, starting this month, we are launching a monthly section focussing on exhibits that are breaking down barriers and are worth your time (and money)!
Martand Khosla’s MesoDomain at Gallery Nature Morte is our first pick. Martand, who is also an architect, has been involved with the process of construction and the dilemmas of growing urbanisation, exploring both continuity and transformation through his art. Through an assortment of media and forms—installations and sculptures using a combination of different materials—he responds to the issues of planning, shelter, migration, and the point of contact between order and disorder. He defines this show as the space in between known areas that is intangible and without boundaries. Like no-man’s-land, this space could exist in the purely abstract sphere.
Just to give you a taste of what the show promises, we selected an artwork that held our attention and captured its essence. Titled Inflection Point 3, it’s created out of steel and brass plates and stainless steel cables, and is an exploration of actions surrounding urbanisation, migration, construction, equality, mining and political power. It looks at the relationship between power and people, and how order and disorder negotiate a balance with each other.
In this particular artwork, there’s a house and sets of steps, made out of brass, placed on a steel plate with cables connecting the disjointed pieces. Basically, it’s a house with no way out and stairs that lead nowhere that touch upon concerns over our place in the universe and questions surrounding freedom. We’ve all felt stuck at some point in our life, literally or figuratively, and this is what it speaks to. The possibilities are endless; one just needs to think outside the box.

Preview: India Art Fair 2016
Where: NSIC Grounds, Okhla
When: January 29th to January 31st
Timings: 1 pm to 10 pm
Entry: Rs 499
Tickets available on BookMyShow

India’s biggest art fair returns to the Capital for its eighth edition.
Launched in 2008, India Art Fair is one of Southeast Asia’s leading annual events that showcases modern and contemporary art, often through galleries and institutions. Now in its eighth year, IAF has become one of the largest art fairs in the country, and fifth most-attended art fair in the world, catering to students and art enthusiasts as well as renowned art collectors and famous artists. So, it being given the status of a ‘temporary museum’ by the Ministry of Culture doesn’t come as a surprise to us.
If you are new to the world of art, you might want to start with the paintings of MF Husain, which will be on display at the Archer Art Gallery stall. Aakriti Art Gallery will be presenting oil paintings by Ram Kumar, one of India’s foremost abstract painters. Do watch out for Grosvenor Gallery’s exhibition of new paintings by Sri Lankan artist Senaka Senanayake, one of South Asia’s leading painters, and Ram Rahman’s photo installation presented by The Guild.
The idea behind IAF is not only to bridge the gap between artists and art collectors but also to facilitate a dialogue surrounding emerging talent, new trends in the art market, changing discourses in art theory, and more. At this year’s festival, the Speaker’s Forum will see lectures and conversations involving artists, curators, administrators and gallerists. Watch out for the talks Convergent Boundaries: Where Art and Literature Meet by Javed Akhtar and Gulammohammed Sheikh, Between Tragedy and Farce: Takes on the Performance Archive moderated by Rustom Bharucha, and Towards a Culture of Corporate Patronage by Amin Jaffer, international director of Asian art at Christie’s.
Continuing with the idea of engaging the audience, IAF launched the Spotlight Series in 2015. While the Speaker’s Forum focuses on broader topics, the Spotlight Series will have talks and presentations on the cultural landscape of India. There will be reflections on Le Corbusier’s work in India, Ebrahim Alkazi’s contribution to the making, dissemination and reception of modern Indian art, the online retail space helping the art market in India grow, and the importance and impact of cultural institutions on a city’s tourism.
IAF 2016 has also introduced a special screening of film and video art from across the world. Curated by filmmaker Shai Heredia, the screening schedule will include movies like Bare, in which the director has used home footage and recorded phone conversations to reach out to her alcoholic father; Jan Villa, exploring the repercussions of the 2005 floods in Mumbai; and Pati, on the devastation of Pati (in Madhya Pradesh) due to widespread deforestation.
BMW, the presenting partner for IAF, will be showcasing their legendary Cesar Manrique BMW 730i Art Car. Letting an artist use the car as their canvas is a tradition that was started by Hervé Poulain, the famous race car driver, back in 1975 and, over the years, artists like Andy Warhol and Jeff Koons have been part of the project.
This year’s festival will also see increased participation from Southeast Asian countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh through a new programme titled Platform. The initiative aims to present emerging artists, galleries and collectives from these countries to a larger audience.
For art novices, India Art Fair has tied up with Artsome, which will be hosting curated art walks on each of the four days. Also, watch out for their Daily Highlights newsletter which will give attendees an overview of various exhibitions at the fair.
And while you soak in some art, pick up something to munch on at the pop-up stalls by CAARA Café, Elma’s, Olive, Ek Bar, Jugmug Thela, Kylin, Insta Pizza, and more. There will also be a special VIP section where fine-dining spaces by Le Meridien, Le Bistro Du Parc and Guppy by ai will be set up.

Preview: Wild Tokai
Where: Blue Tokai
When: January 31st, 4 pm to 9 pm

There are few things we love more than coffee and art, and Blue Tokai has hit the sweet spot by bringing together both on one platform. Hosting an art exhibition titled Wild Tokai by Animal Design Company, the roastery and café is opening its doors for an event that will showcase cool merchandise, serve coffee (including Coconut Mochas, Pour Overs, Cortados, and more) and bites from Rustom’s Bakery.
If this hasn’t piqued your interest yet, wait till you see the artworks put together by the hugely talented bunch. This is a group show by Animal – a collective of like-minded designers that aspires to create works that propel conversations between brands and people – specialising across creative disciplines of advertising, art, graphic design, illustration, films, interactive media and product design.
Drawing its name (and logo) from an ancient Malabari word for the plume of a peacock, Blue Tokai highlights local Indian coffee, and this exhibition is sort of an extension of the same idea – establishing a direct connection between the artists and the audience.
We asked Kunel Gaur, co-founder of Animal, about why he decided to show the works in a café as opposed to a more traditional gallery space. To which he replied, “Traditional gallery space is, well, traditional. Art is about conversation, and contemporary forms of art employ more real, interesting forms of conversation. Contemporary art is a casual commentary on social life and, for us, using the café culture as the backdrop to it only completes the circle.”
The nine artists come from diverse backgrounds and, as a result, employ different mediums ranging from screen prints, installations, graphics, video projections, to digital prints and photographs. Watch out for works by the non-conformist Pawas; Jaspreet, who loves playing with minimal design, illustration and paper art; Arya Vijayan creating aesthetic solutions; and Namrata Kumar, who is deeply inspired by tribal and folk art. We are also looking forward to designer and musician Ravi Arora; Sugandha Kharya, who loves to experiment with different materials; Rajiv Rajan’s works inspired from popular culture; Sharon Borgoyary, the co-founder of Animal, who draws inspiration from abstract imaginary figures and life situations; and Kunel Gaur’s unique take on the beauty of erosion and mutation.

ACRYLIC PAINT

Almost replacing oil pains because of its advantages – is acrylic paint today. Developed in the late 1940s, acrylic paint has only a brief history compared to other visual arts media, such as watercolour and oil. Polymer-based acrylic entered the market as house paint, but its many benefits brought it to the attention of painters. By the 1950s, artists began using quick-drying acrylic to avoid oil paint’s considerable drying time. These artists found that the synthetic paint was very versatile and possessed much potential. As time passed, manufacturers improved methods by formulating artistic acrylic paints with richer pigments. Although it has proven versatile in artistic endeavours, acrylic as a medium is still in its infancy.

For many contemporary artists, acrylic became the perfect vehicle to drive their crafts. Offering a range of possibilities, acrylic can produce both the soft effects of watercolour paint and sharp effects of layered oil paint. In addition, acrylic can also be used in mixed media works, such as collage, and its versatility lends itself to experimentation and innovation. Acrylic does have some limitations. Its quick-drying plasticity discourages blending and wet-on-wet techniques, therefore creating boundaries for artists. Still, those who embraced acrylic in their work created fresh, new approaches reflecting all that this medium can offer.

Pop artist Andy Warhol explored acrylic’s range of effects. His famous “Campbell Soup Can” demonstrates the sharp, bold clarity possible with acrylic, while the stark and eerie “Little Electric Chair (Orange)” shows the grim subject in a faded and almost gentle light.

Other artists’ works also demonstrate the possibilities of acrylic. In David Hockney’s “Three Chairs with a Section of a Picasso Mural,” acrylics provide the softness of watercolour, while in “Rocky Mountains and Tired Indians,” they create a sharpness similar to oil paints. This is not to imply that acrylic works should be viewed only in terms of other media. Acrylic is its own medium with its own possibilities.

Three chairs with a section of a Picasso mural – David Hockney

David Hockney – Rocky Mountains and Tired Indians

Robert Motherwell used acrylic with pencil and charcoal to achieve striking effects, and contemporary Op artist Bridget Riley also took advantage of its ability to set easily on support mediums, such as wood, canvas, paper and linen.

Robert Motherwell’s -Elegy_to_the_Spanish_Republic_No._110 – using acrylic, pencil and charcoal

Bridget Riley – Nataraja-1993

Mark Rothko’s series of untitled acrylics, on both canvas and paper, demonstrate its ability to enhance formal elements, such as tone, depth, colour and scale. His colourfield paintings allowed audiences to approach the medium on its own terms.

Mark Rothko

Saffron, 1957 – by Mark Rothko

Acrylic’s future as a medium continues to unfold with each new work by the skilled hands of artists. Perhaps its full potential and possibilities have not yet been developed. However, it is clear that acrylic is an important medium, demonstrating the continual power and evolution of visual art.

OUTSIDER ART

The Story, 4×7 ft acrylic on canvas by Robert F Allen, 2013

Coined in 1972, the term Outsider Art refers to art produced outside of conventional art or, rather, outside of the boundaries of work accepted as art of the culture. Some schools of thought suggest that Outsider Art includes art works created by self-taught artists. The term has been applied to anyone creating art outside of the mainstream art world; notably, Outsider Art has been applied to art created by mental asylum patients. In fact, the genesis for the concept of Outsider Art occurred during the end of the nineteenth century when the concept was known as art of the insane asylum and later as Art Brut.

As the movement historically grew out of, essentially, insane asylums, it is still sometimes referred to in that context. Near the end of the 1900s some psychiatrists noticed that some patients produced drawings or etchings and they began to look more seriously at creative works produced by artistic patients. In 1922 a German doctor published a renowned collection of art created from hundreds of mental asylum patients throughout Europe. These works caught the attention of Avant Garde artists Paul Klee and Jean Dubuffet who felt their influence and potential to impact the art world.

Nek Chand in the garden he created in Chandigarh

Eventually, however, the term was applied more broadly to anyone creating art who was ‘uncooked’ by the art world. In the U.S., for instance, folk artists were also grouped in the Outsider Art genre. Many Outsider Art artists have achieved notable reputations in the art world in spite of their ‘outsider’ status. The Indian artist Nek Chand is revered for creating the Rock Garden of Chandigarh; the garden is located on forty acres and is entirely filled with scrap items and found discarded objects. Other artists associated with Outsider Art who achieved acclaim for their body of work or works include Ferdinand Cheval, Henry Darger, Vojislav Jakic, Judith Scott, Kiyoshi Yamashita, and Pierre Vuitton to name a few.

Ferdinand Cheval’s Palais Ideal

Inside The Dark And Twisted Alternate Universe Of Outsider Artist Henry Darger

Vojislav Jakic

Judith Scott at work

Kiyoshi Yamashita

Pierre Vuitton – untitled, around 1955, 14 x 19 cm, mixed media on a a newspaper

Outsider Art also reflects a wide variety of art mediums and art forms. Painting and drawing, of course, make up a significant portion of Outsider Art; however, forms like collage, sculpture, photography, and writing are also reflected by the movement. Moreover, many unconventional art forms are associated with Outsider Art. For example, Willem Van Genk became well-known for decorating raincoats with ornate drawings. Judith Scott, an artist with Down Syndrome, became celebrated for her fibre art works. Helen Martins of South Africa created an alternate environment using crushed glass and cement. Because the nature of Outsider Art works is so extraordinarily varied, the term is necessarily a broad one to encompass many styles, techniques, mediums, and so forth. All are created, however, by artists outside of the defined art world.

Self Portrait in the Ark, 1974, by Willem Van Genk

Helen Martins created an alternative environment

CALLING NEW ARTISTS FROM ALL OVER INDIA!

The Early Works Art Gallery is calling all new artists – be they students or self taught – to promote and sell their works through us. Here is your chance to be seen and appreciated through our Gallery!

Every week, we feature a new artist from any field of the creative visual arts – from painting to sculpture, video, photography and installation.

All we need is a brief profile of the artist (explained below) and photos of your artwork, including 5 details (outlined below)

It is easy to become part of our growing list of talented and ambitious artists. If you have any works that you want to display and sell – just write to us. Our email is: www.buyartcheap@gmail.com. Visit our website: earlyworksartgallery.com to see all that we do.

What you have to do to exhibit with us:

A)  Give us a complete profile (in your email or in a .doc or .docx file, not in PDF):

i)      A face pic

ii)      A short para about yourself and why you took to art

iii)      A short para about your art

B)  Give us photos of your art works, (yes, only photos, we do not even take your art work at the initial stage). Send us one photo for each work, and these following 5 details:

i)     Title or (Untitled) Number

ii)      Medium

iii)       Size

iv)       Year of execution

v)        Price

Yes – you fix your own price (remember to keep it affordable, as we are promoting inexpensive but original art) and the Gallery keeps one-third of that price as its commission. The rest of the money would be remitted to you after sale.

Send your pics as attachments with the name of each attachment being the title of the art work. Do not send us in .pdf format, as we cannot use them in our website.

If you want your works of creativity and artistry exhibited and sold, then write to us immediately. We shall promote your work and close sales for you!

EVENTS IN DELHI

Art Tree At Art Walk


DATE
20th Jan – 20th Feb
TIME
09:00am – 09:00pm
ADDRESS
Crowne Plaza Hotel, Site 2, National Highway 8, Gurgaon, Near Signature Tower, Sector 29, Gurgaon, Delhi NCR

Showcasing a solo art exhibition by veteran Artist Uma Bardhan under banner Art Tree at Art Walk, the work will be themed on stories and positions which are under-represented in both mainstream and contemporary art culture.

This solo show is inspired by the street, everyday life & nature. For example paintings of Rickshaw  is a series of paintings dedicated to Kolkata’s sweat-soaked, bare-footed hand-rickshaw pullers struggling against the heat and hunger while towing human loads on their rickshaws a discomfiting symbol of the city’s poverty and struggle.

Works on display regarding the depictions of rural life in the country is the rich and expressive paintings portray groups of people and if seen closely each portion of figurative style gives a different mood and expression.

Born in 1945 , Bardhan originally from Kolkata, currently based in Gurgaon spends a lot of time amid nature-taking walks, sitting in silence and observing nature to find her inspirations. Her paintings are an expression of her inner self, an expression of joy and epitome of creative energy. Besides representing nature bathed in bounteous colours , there is also an expression at the lives of women at rural Bengal .

Transition Tradition


DATE
9th Jan – 30th Jan
TIME
11:00am – 07:00pm
ADDRESS
Gallerie Nvya, Square One Mall, Shop No. 101, 102 and 103, First Floor, C2, District Centre, In Square One Mall, Saket, South, Delhi NCR

To showcase Indian Art Fair 2016, collateral event – Transition/Tradition will be hosted at the Gallerie Nvya.  Contemporary Ceramic Art of India and South Korea exposition, the event shall be showcasing work of 13 Indian artist and 17 South Korean artists.

Prominent Indian artist partaking –  Dipalee Daroz, Ela Mukherjee, G Reghu, Kristine Michael, Ira Chaudhuri, Madhur Sen, Manisha Bhattacharya, Shirley Bhatnagar, Trupti Patel, Vineet Kacker, P R Daroz, Reyaz Badruddin and Zaida Jacob.

Prominent Korean artists partaking – Han, Young Sil; Jung, Jun Young; Kim, Ji Hae; Kim, Do Jin; Kim, Sun; Kim, Jin Kyoung; Lee, Eun Ha; Lee, Hoon; Lee, Jae Joon; Lim,  Yoon Sun; Oh, EunKyo; Park, Kyung Joo; Pyon kyu ri; Sheen, Yi Chul; Shin, Hee Won; Yeo, Kyung Ran and Yoon, JiYong.

 

A Brush With Life


DATE
21st Jan – 20th Feb
TIME
11:00am – 06:30pm
ADDRESS
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, 3, Dr Rajendra Prasad Road, Janpath, Near Le Meridien, Connaught Place, Central, Delhi NCR

Celebrating 90 years of work by Siraj Gujral, the event comes in wake of portrying some of his finest works, from the past nine decades. Curated by Shri Pramod Kumar KG, the exhibition is a tribute to the zeitgeist of modernism as seen and portrayed by him. Over 70 original works of art will be juxtaposed with rare archival photographs spanning his life, and the remarkable people from the 20th century who touched his life, and vintage images of works that have long left public memory.

Gujral began his career in 1947 with dramatic paintings named the ‘partition series’ that captured and symbolized the trauma of the subcontinent’s partition resulting in the creation of India and Pakistan. Crucially, memory as metaphor shadows his work, with characters appearing as leitmotifs across the many mediums he was to work with over the succeeding six decades: sketches to collages, abstract paintings to narrative depictions of the human condition. His work entered another epoch as he delved into sculpture in stone, metals and resin alongside elaborate forays into ceramics, a preferred material for his iconic murals across north India.

Portraits From Within

 

DATE
21st Jan – 6th Feb
TIME
11:00am – 07:00pm
ADDRESS
Alliance Francaise De Delhi, 72, KK Birla Marg, Lodhi Estate, Near UNICEF, Lodhi Road, South, Delhi NCR


Alliance Francaise Delhi presents – Portraits From Within, an installation by Mario D’Souza in collaboration with French Embassy, India. The exhibition is to represent his life both in France and in India.

Born in Bangalore (India) in 1973, having lived in France for a decade or so, Mario D’Souza was able to undertake within himself and for himself the necessary cross-fertilization and fusion of cultures and experiences with no obvious affinities in order to produce, over the past two or three years, a truly personal body of work in which thought, sensitivity, intuition, sensuality and even eroticism (admittedly underlying but present everywhere), blend into pleasure into a sort of hymn to life.

GLAZING, SCUMBLING AND WASHING – FOR OIL PAINT TECHNIQUES

Although you can apply the terms glaze, scumble and wash to several different media, they’re most often used with oil painting. Glazing is the brushing on of a thin, transparent, darker paint layer over an area of dry paint. It’s a common technique used in a form of academic painting in which artists first establish a finely detailed, monochromatic underpainting (called a grisaille if done in grays and a bistre if done in browns) and then apply a series of coloured glazes. This indirect method of painting achieves a visual depth that a direct method, such as alla prima, cannot.

Within an alla prima piece, I’ve found glazing useful when I want to enhance a sense of atmosphere; a thin glaze of cobalt blue works like magic to make objects look far away.

For glazing to be successful, the layer beneath must be bone dry, and the glazing paint must be thinned with a glazing medium to allow for fluid application. Gamblin Galkyd thinned with Gamblin Gamsol makes a good, quick-drying glazing medium. Also, the paints used for glazing should be transparent in nature. For example, to warm up a painting that’s too cool, you might use a glaze of Hansa yellow, a transparent paint, rather than cadmium yellow, which is opaque. Finally, glazes may be applied to the entire painting or to just portions of it.

Scumbling is the brushing on of an opaque, lighter layer of paint. This technique is used to visually soften or lighten areas. Scumbling, like glazing, must be done over a dry paint layer, and you typically apply the paint unthinned, using a dry-brush technique.

The paint can actually be quite thick, resulting in broken brushstrokes and a more painterly look. I use scumbling in skies, around the edges of clouds—brushing on a mixture of white and Naples yellow to create a backlit glow.

A wash is a thin layer of paint that’s usually brushed on in a loose manner. Washing differs from glazing and scumbling in that you apply a wash in the very earliest stages of painting in order to develop an initial, overall tone or colour. Thinner, such as turpentine or a turpentine substitute like Gamsol, is used freely to create a wash.

STAINED GLASS

STAINED GLASS

Stained glass refers to coloured glass. Although it is generally associated with the coloured glass of church windows, it has been produced since ancient times. Ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Romans all excelled at the production of coloured glass making objects such as amphorae and flasks.

Roman Stained Glass

Pieces of coloured glass have been assembled into windows since the Roman period. Stained glass windows have been added to churches since the early medieval period. Surviving stained glass windows from this period and the cathedrals and churches associated with them continue to be revered today for their artistry and craftsmanship.

Stained glass in church

To make glass, artisans used a mixture of sand and potash. To provide the glass with colour, liquid metals were added to the molten glass mixture before it cooled. To create pictorial stained glass works, artists first drew their image on boards. Then, they placed the coloured glass atop it to produce the desired effects. The panels would be secured by lead strips known as cames. The cames required soldiering to hold the glass in place.

The leading up of a stained glass window

Stained glass works were created in Europe as well as the Middle East. As an art form, of course, stained glass reached its pinnacle during the Middle ages, specifically during the 1500s. Stained glass was used as a medium to reproduce Biblical stories in windows as well as figures or botanical images. These works were then fitted to churches, cathedrals, and other structures throughout Medieval Europe. Large windows such as those as Chartres Cathedral employed iron to secure the windows in place. Stained glass continued to be created during the Renaissance as well and, of course, it is still produced today.

Windows in Chartres Cathedral

Historically, stained glass works not only involved glass makers and artists, but also engineers that could properly fit the stained glass windows into their desired locations. Glass makers used various materials to achieve their desired colours. For instance, the introduction of chromium would lead to a rich green shade. To produce red, a hint of metallic gold or pure metallic copper could be employed. Manganese was used to create purple glass.

Stained-Glass Windows of Chartres Cathedral

Some of the most famous works of stained glass include the thirteenth-century windows of Chartres Cathedral, the Crucifixion Window of the Poitiers Cathedral, the Rose Window of Notre Dame, and the Charlemagne Window of the Strasbourg Cathedral.

Rose Window of Notre Dame

Crucifixion Window of the Poitiers Cathedral

Charlemagne Window of the Strasbourg Cathedral

 

Many artists during the twentieth century also worked with stained glass as an important medium such as Louis Comfort Tiffany. His stained glass lamps and other glass works achieved great renown. Many stained glass works from the ancient to present time are showcased in the world’s great museums.

Tiffany – Dragonfly Library Lamp

Tiffany stained glass lantern window

 

Apurba Salui

Born in 1992, Apurba Salui is a young painter who is completing his graduation in Painting from the prestigious Kala Bhavana at Vishva Bharati, Shantiniketan.

He has already picked up various awards in art competitions, since as early as 2003. He was also the winner from the eastern region at the Camel Art Foundation Award in 2015. One of the sessions of instruction that he enjoyed most has been the workshop he attended on Thanka painting in 2014. He admits to have been very influenced by the Thanka style at around that time.

About Apurba Salui’s work

Apurba Salui is deeply in love with the environment around him, and his works try to capture the essence of the situation – be it a landscape or a still life or the study of everyday life. To do this, he pays attention to form and space, light and shade. Something of the mood touches a chord within him which helps him imbue the work with honesty which is more than a representation of visible reality.

Apurba likes to react to the surroundings and their constructions, shapes, the contrast of loud colours and light with the softer hues and tones. The reaction of these stimuli with his artistic self creates his paintings.

Title : Banana Tree
Medium : Oil On Paper
Size : 24” x 15 ”
Year : 2014
Price : 3000

Title : Banyan Tree
Medium : Oil On Paper
Size : 48” x 15 ”
Year : 2014
Price : 6000

Title : Ruined Transport
Medium : Water Colour On Paper
Size : 24” x 18 ”
Year : 2012
Price : 3000

Title : Still Life
Medium : Mixed Media On Canvas
Size : 36” x 24 ”
Year : 2013
Price : 5000

Title : The Riverside
Medium : Oil On Paper
Size : 30” x 24 ”
Year : 2012
Price : 10000